Socialization & Sociology of Education

These manuscripts contribute to explanations about the influence of social contexts on young people’s educational experiences and outcomes.

Saras, E. & Perez-Felkner, L. (accepted, minor revisions) “Sociological Perspectives on Socialization.” Oxford Bibliographies in Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Perez-Felkner, L. (2013). Socialization in Childhood and Adolescence. In J. DeLamater & A. Ward (Eds.), Handbook of Social Psychology, 2nd Edition. (pp. 119-149) New York: Springer Publishing.

This chapter examines the development and operation of socialization in the lives of children and adolescents, with a focus on the mechanisms and consequences of socialization. Consideration is given to theoretical perspectives on (a) how children and adolescents learn social roles, (b) the role of agency in social development, (c) the social contexts in which socialization occurs, (d) socialization over the life course, and (e) how socio-historical change influences the socialization process. Methods of research inquiry relevant to studies of young people are reviewed, including experiments, survey methods, observational and ethnographic research, interviewing, and mixed methods research. Importantly, the social contexts of socialization are examined including families; peer and social networks; schools and work; communities and neighborhoods; and social and cultural forces. Particular attention is paid to the influence of socialization on later experiences, including identity, behavioral, and educational outcomes. Emerging and suggested directions for future research are discussed. *Consistently in the top 1% of articles downloaded on

Perez-Felkner, L. (2013). Occupational Aspirations/Expectations. In J. W. Ainsworth & G. J. Golson (Eds.), Sociology of education: An A-to-Z guide (Vol. 15, pp. 543-545). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. doi: Full-text here.

This essay explains the importance of occupational aspirations and expectations within the context of sociology of education.

Perez-Felkner, L. (2013). Racial inequality: Returns to educational investments. In J. W. Ainsworth & G. J. Golson (Eds.), Sociology of education: An A-to-Z guide (Vol. 18, pp. 638-640). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. doi: Full-text here.

This essay discusses how differences in the returns to education contributes to racial inequality of opportunity in education.

Schneider, B. L., Ford, T., & Perez-Felkner, L. (2010). Social Networks and the Education of Children and Youth. In P. Peterson, E. Baker & B. McGaw (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education (pp. 705-711). Oxford: Elsevier. See also Google Books link.

The social networks of children and youth are formed in the context of their families, peer groups, schools, and neighborhood communities. Researchers studying social networks of children and adolescents have primarily been interested in the formation of friendship relations and the impact of social location on academic achievement and social development. This manuscript provides an introduction to social network analysis, identifies key concepts and terms associated with this research methodology, and reviews some of the major social network studies of young children and adolescents.

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